If you are one of the many adults who are considering LASIK eye surgery, then you have come to the right place. This article aims to help you have a better understanding of what LASIK surgery is.
First and foremost, for you to know if you are a good candidate for LASIK, you need to undergo a comprehensive eye examination. Visit an eye specialist to ensure that this treatment is the right solution to your problem. In addition to LASIK, there are also other types of refractive surgeries. One option you have is Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK). This type of eye surgery offers the same benefits as LASIK but is more suitable for patients with thinner corneas. A patient may also be advised to undergo ReLEx® Smile. ReLEx® Smile, or Refractive LEnticule Extraction, SMall Incision Lenticule Extaction is a surgery that is done through keyhole incision. This procedure is fast, gentle on the eye and results in lesser dry eyes.
You will only need about 1-2 hours to undergo this eye exam, to know which of these refractive surgeries are suitable for you. Should you be a suitable candidate for LASIK after the assessment, here are some of the things you need to know.
LASIK or laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis is a popular refractive surgery performed around the world. In LASIK eye surgery, a thin flap in the patient’s cornea will be created using a femtosecond laser. The surgeon will lift the flap, and then removes some corneal tissue underneath by using an excimer laser.
After the surgery here are some of the things you can expect and need to do:
Temporary eye discomfort – you may experience mild irritation or discomfort in the eye after the surgery. Your eyes may also be sensitive, but do not be tempted to touch it.
Complication with flap – as mentioned above, your surgeon will create a thin-hinged flap on the front surface of the cornea during the surgery. This is to access the stroma or the underlying cornea. Flap risks can also have complications, which include:
- Free caps or flaps without a hinge
- Irregular corneal flaps
- Flaps that are too small or too thin
- Buttonholes (small holes or tears in the center of the flap)
Appearance of glares or halos – after the operation, you may experience visual disturbances such as glares or halos, especially in low-light environments. This is a common problem, and could occur after the first few months of your surgery. These symptoms gradually subside, and ventually resolve after a few months.
Dry eyes syndrome – due to corneal nerves being severed during LASIK, dry eyes are expected after the operation. Dry eyes can cause discomfort or even blurry vision. If this happens, inform your doctor so that they can give you lubricating eye drops to alleviate the discomfort.
The day after surgery, you will be asked to return to see your eye doctor. This follow up is important, as your doctor will test your vision and prescribe medication to prevent infections. He will also advise you on when it is appropriate to return to doing sports or going for facials and spas. Do not miss your scheduled appointments so as to ensure the continued health of your eyes!
For more information about LASIK surgery or to schedule an eye exam, be sure to visit Atlas Eye.